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Embedded       System

Curriculum

GETTING STARTED:

  • What is C?

  • Data Types

  • Variables

  • Naming Conventions for C Variables

  • Printing and Initializing Variables

CONTROL FLOW CONSTRUCTS:

  • if

  • if else

  • while

  • for

  • Endless Loops

  • do while

  • break and continue

  • switch

  • else if

THE C PREPROCESSOR:

  • #define

  • Macros

  • #include

  • Conditional Compilation

  • #ifdef

  • #ifndef

MORE ON FUNCTIONS:

  • Function Declarations

  • Function Prototypes

  • Returning a Value or Not

  • Arguments and Parameters

  • Organization of C Source Files

  • Extended Example

BIT MANIPULATION:

  • Defining the Problem Space

  • A Programming Example

  • Bit Wise Operators

  • Bit Manipulation Functions

  • Circular Shifts

STRINGS & ARRAY:

  • Fundamental Concepts

  • Aggregate Operations

  • String Functions

  • Array Dimensions

  • An Array as an Argument to a Function

  • String Arrays

  • Example Programs

POINTERS (PART 1):

  • Fundamental Concepts

  • Pointer Operators and Operations

  • Changing an Argument with a Function Call

  • Pointer Arithmetic

  • Array Traversal

  • String Functions with Pointers

  • Pointer Difference

  • Prototypes for String Parameters

  • Relationship Between an Array and a Pointer

  • The Pointer Notation *p++

POINTERS (PART 2):

  • Dynamic Storage Allocation -malloc

  • Functions Returning a Pointer

  • Initialization of Pointers

  • gets -a Function Returning a Pointer

  • An Array of Character Pointers

  • Two Dimensional Arrays vs. Array of Pointers

  • Command Line Arguments

  • Pointers to Pointers

  • Practice with Pointers

  • Function Pointers

STRUCTURES:

  • Fundamental Concepts

  • Describing a Structure

  • Creating Structures

  • Operations on Structures

  • Functions Returning Structures

  • Passing Structures to Functions

  • Pointers to Structures

  • Array of Structures

  • Functions Returning a Pointer to a Structure

  • Structure Padding

STRUCTURE RELATED ITEMS (UNION):

  • typedef-New Name for an Existing Type

  • Bit Fields

  • unions

  • Non-HomogeneousArrays

  • Enumerations

FILE I/O:

  • System Calls vs. Library Calls

  • Opening Disk Files

  • fopen

  • I/O Library Functions

  • Copying a File

  • Character Input vs. Line Input

  • scanf

  • printf

  • fclose

  • Servicing Errors -errno.h

  • Feofo

SCOPE OF VARIABLES:

  • Block Scope

  • Function Scope

  • File Scope

  • Program Scope

  • The auto Specifier

  • The static Specifier

  • The register Specifier

  • The extern Specifier

  • The Const Modifier

  • The Volatile Modifier

INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED:

  • What is Embedded Systems?

  • Difference b/w Micro processor & Micro

  • Controller

  • CISC Vs RISC

  • Architecture of8,16,32-bitProcessor

  • Software Used, Compilation, Debugging

  • Example Programs (LCD, RELAY, STEPPER MOTOR)

  • Embedded Software Life Cycle TestingSPI, ADC,

  • Serial Communication, Protocols (I2C , CAN, Ethernet)

Linux OS Architecture:

  • Linux Features

  • Linux Kernel Source Directory Structure

  • Linux Kernel Components

  • User Mode Vs Kernel Mode

  • System Initialization –Booting Process

Introduction to Linux tools, compilers and utilities:

  • Introduction To Makefile

  • How to write Makefile to compile programs on Linux

  • Building static and dynamic libraries

  • LABs

Kernel compilation:

  • Importance of Makefiles

  • Procedure to recompile the kernel

  • LAB

Detail study of Linux OS components:

  • Process Management

  • Process Control Block (PCB)

  • Types Of Processes

  • States Of Process

  • How to Create Process?

  • Process Scheduling

  • LABs

Thread Management:

  • What is Thread?

  • Thread Control Block (TCB)

  • User-level Vs Kernel level Threads

  • How to create and cancel threads?

  • Thread Scheduling

  • Process Vs Threads

  • LABs

Interrupt Management:

  • What are interrupts?

  • Types Of Interrupt

  • Interrupt Handling

  • Interrupt Service Routine (ISR)

  • Interrupt Latency

Signal handling

  • What are signals in Linux OS?

  • Signal Implementation

  • Signal Handling

  • LABs

Inter-Process communication (IPCs):

  • Introduction To Inter-process communication mechanism

  • Pipes, Message Queue and Shared Memory

  • Semaphores and Mutex

  • LABs

Socket programming on Linux:

  • TCP/IP and UDP socket programming

  • LABs

Linux Kernel and Device driver Programming:

  • Linux File system and System call interface

  • Introduction To System Call Mechanism

  • Significance Of System Calls

  • LABs

Memory Management Unit:

  • Segmentation and Paging

  • Swapping and demand to page

  • malloc(), kmalloc() and free()

Linux Kernel and Device driver Programming:

  • Module Basics

  • Introduction to Modules

  • Writing Your first kernel module

  • Statically linked vs Dynamically linked

  • Exporting symbols from modules

  • The kernel symbol table

  • Concurrency in the kernel

  • Module Parameters

  • Version dependency

  • LABs

An introduction to device drivers:

  • Role of the Device Drivers

  • Role of Virtual file system

  • Classes of devices

  • Registering a character device driver

  • File operations and ioctls

  • Reading and writing into char devices

  • LABs

Block Device Drivers:

  • Registering block driver

  • File operations and ioctls

  • Handling requests

  • Write RAM type of disk driver

  • LABs

Network Device Drivers:

  • The net_device structure in detail

  • Packet transmission

  • Packet reception

  • Simulating a network device

  • LABs

Embedded Linux On ARM9:

  • Intro to the target board (Samsung mini2440– ARM 9)

  • Introduction to ARM9 architecture

Installation of cross compilation tool chain:

  • Installing Sources, Patching

  • Installing the GCC toolchain

  • Set Cross Compiling Environment

  • LABs

Porting Linux on ARM9:

  • Recompilation and flash Kernel on ARM9 board

  • LABs

The Root Filesystem:

  • Busybox

  • A Small Application example

  • Flashing the new root filesystem

  • Compilation procedure

  • LABs

Write device driver for ARM9 board:

  • Services on Board

  • Compiling and setting up services

  • An example of service – LABS

Structure and implementation of open-source RTOS:

  • RTOS Source Organization

  • Configuration Of RTOS

  • Implementation Of RTOS

Port RTOS on ARM Board:

  • Steps for porting RTOS On ARM7

  • LAB(Demonstration)- Port Open Source RTOS On ARM Board

Real-Time Operating Fundamentals:

  • Task Management

  • Multitasking

  • Context Switching

  • Inter-Process/Task Communication (IPC)

  • LABs (Demonstration)

References and Guideline for Linux based embedded system Skills developed after completion of course:

  • Learn about Key principles of Linux OS

  • Expertise on a device driver for the target board

  • Porting Linux on advanced cross-platform i.e. ARM 9

  • Get good expertise on Linux based embedded system

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